Head-Logo

Resource for
Clubs
and
Individuals
Bookmark and Share
Logo





Georgia

This search result may include State Law, City Regulations and Federal Agency Metal Detecting Law
and a Link to a List of National Parks.




MDHTALK Metal Detecting City and County Regulations
and a Link to a List of National Parks

  Cities and Counties that Require a Metal Detecting Permit or do not Allow Metal Detecting



City:                      Jekyll IslandGA
Permit Required:    
Permit Fee:            
Phone Number:      
Website:               http://www.jekyllcitizens.org/jekyllinfo/rulesregs.html
Law:                  Metal detectors: A Jekyll Island ordinance forbids the use of electronic devices for the detection of metals, minerals, artifacts, lost articles or for treasure hunting.


MDHTALK's List of National Parks in Georgia


Remember it is illegal to Metal Detect in a National Park, Recreational Area or at a National Monument.
Find and Read Title 36 in the Right Column on this Page.

Select this Link to View the List of National Parks



MDHTALK's List of Bureau of Reclamation Water Ways in Georgia


Remember it is illegal to Metal Detect on Bureau of Reclamation Lands and Water Ways.
Find and Read the Bureau of Reclamation Law in the Right Column on this Page.

There are
NO Bureau of Reclamation Projects IN this state.

MDHTALK Metal Detecting State Law

State Park Links and State Park Metal Detecting Laws & Regulations
The Archaeology website for a state maybe an official state site or a site that represents the archaeology law of the state.

State Archaeology:      http://www.georgiashpo.org/

Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?

Getting a Permit

The Office of the State Archaeologist is authorized under Official Code of GA (OCGA) Section 12-3-52(c) to grant permits to recognized scientific institutions or qualified individuals (professional archaeologists) to conduct archaeology on state properties. Requirements for this work can be found on our website at this link under Research on DNR-Managed Lands: http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=346

Permits are only granted to professional archaeologists or graduate students in a recognized, university archaeology program. Otherwise, collecting or digging for artifacts is prohibited on state-owned lands.

When Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?

Surface collecting:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts from the surface of dry land on privately owned property if the land is not posted, gated, or fenced against entry. We recommend obtaining written permission from the landowner to protect the property owner's rights and to protect the visitor from trespassing. (OCGA 12-3-621)
2. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), [12-3-52)

Digging/Metal Detecting:

1. With the exception of burials and associated objects, archaeological sites belong to the landowner. Landowners can dig archaeological sites - with the exception of burials - that are on their property. DNR recommends that you preserve any archaeological sites that you may own for future generations.

2. On privately-owned land, it is legal to dig for artifacts (including when artifacts have been found by metal detecting) if you have written permission of the landowner. All lands in Georgia are either owned privately or by the local, state, or federal government. This includes Civil War sites. Hobbyists and professional archaeologists alike must determine who owns the land and ask their permission first, before undertaking any activity.

Further, OCGA 12-3-621 requires any person desiring to dig for artifacts to notify the state archeologist before beginning any such investigation or disturbance, which can be done through this HPD Web page. Click here for email and or call the telephone hot line number, available at all times: 1-866-755-0014.

3. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), 12-3-52)

4. It is not legal to disturb or dig human burials or collect human skeletal remains or objects associated with burials, regardless of who owns the land. Three Georgia laws prohibit disturbing graves: OCGA 31-21-44, 31-21-6 and 36-72-1 through 16. If human remains are inadvertently discovered, STOP all land disturbing activity immediately, protect the burial from harm, and notify the local law enforcement authority. As required under OCGA 31-21-6, law enforcement officials will then notify the coroner, the local government, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, who will recommend a permanent protection plan.

In the Water or On the Beach:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts with the permission of the landowner in privately-owned waterways.

2. It is not legal to take artifacts off the bottom of state-owned waters. (OCGA 12-3-80).

3. If the body of water you're interested in is owned or managed by a local or federal government agency, contact that agency for their policy on artifact collecting.

4. To collect artifacts or metal detect on beaches along the coast of Georgia, it is also necessary to first determine ownership of that land and ask permission. Beaches may be private or owned by a governmental agency. To determine who the landowner is, you might start by contacting the DNR Law Enforcement Region VII Office in Brunswick, telephone: (912) 264.7237, address: Suite 201, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, GA 31520.

For a detailed description of the laws as they apply to Georgia's waters, follow this link http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=153">http://www.georgiashpo.org/

Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?

Getting a Permit

The Office of the State Archaeologist is authorized under Official Code of GA (OCGA) Section 12-3-52(c) to grant permits to recognized scientific institutions or qualified individuals (professional archaeologists) to conduct archaeology on state properties. Requirements for this work can be found on our website at this link under Research on DNR-Managed Lands: http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=346

Permits are only granted to professional archaeologists or graduate students in a recognized, university archaeology program. Otherwise, collecting or digging for artifacts is prohibited on state-owned lands.

When Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?

Surface collecting:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts from the surface of dry land on privately owned property if the land is not posted, gated, or fenced against entry. We recommend obtaining written permission from the landowner to protect the property owner's rights and to protect the visitor from trespassing. (OCGA 12-3-621)
2. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), [12-3-52)

Digging/Metal Detecting:

1. With the exception of burials and associated objects, archaeological sites belong to the landowner. Landowners can dig archaeological sites - with the exception of burials - that are on their property. DNR recommends that you preserve any archaeological sites that you may own for future generations.

2. On privately-owned land, it is legal to dig for artifacts (including when artifacts have been found by metal detecting) if you have written permission of the landowner. All lands in Georgia are either owned privately or by the local, state, or federal government. This includes Civil War sites. Hobbyists and professional archaeologists alike must determine who owns the land and ask their permission first, before undertaking any activity.

Further, OCGA 12-3-621 requires any person desiring to dig for artifacts to notify the state archeologist before beginning any such investigation or disturbance, which can be done through this HPD Web page. Click here for email and or call the telephone hot line number, available at all times: 1-866-755-0014.

3. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), 12-3-52)

4. It is not legal to disturb or dig human burials or collect human skeletal remains or objects associated with burials, regardless of who owns the land. Three Georgia laws prohibit disturbing graves: OCGA 31-21-44, 31-21-6 and 36-72-1 through 16. If human remains are inadvertently discovered, STOP all land disturbing activity immediately, protect the burial from harm, and notify the local law enforcement authority. As required under OCGA 31-21-6, law enforcement officials will then notify the coroner, the local government, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, who will recommend a permanent protection plan.

In the Water or On the Beach:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts with the permission of the landowner in privately-owned waterways.

2. It is not legal to take artifacts off the bottom of state-owned waters. (OCGA 12-3-80).

3. If the body of water you're interested in is owned or managed by a local or federal government agency, contact that agency for their policy on artifact collecting.

4. To collect artifacts or metal detect on beaches along the coast of Georgia, it is also necessary to first determine ownership of that land and ask permission. Beaches may be private or owned by a governmental agency. To determine who the landowner is, you might start by contacting the DNR Law Enforcement Region VII Office in Brunswick, telephone: (912) 264.7237, address: Suite 201, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, GA 31520.

For a detailed description of the laws as they apply to Georgia's waters, follow this link http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=153

On line State Park Regulations.

State Park Regulations: http://www.gastateparks.org/net/content/page.aspx?s=14493.0.1.5

State Park Metal Detecting Rule and Regulation Detail:Artifact Collecting
http://gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=440
8/29/2008

Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?
Getting a Permit

The Office of the State Archaeologist is authorized under Official Code of GA (OCGA) Section 12-3-52(c) to grant permits to recognized scientific institutions or qualified individuals (professional archaeologists) to conduct archaeology on state properties. Requirements for this work can be found on our website at this link under Research on DNR-Managed Lands: http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=346

Permits are only granted to professional archaeologists or graduate students in a recognized, university archaeology program. Otherwise, collecting or digging for artifacts is prohibited on state-owned lands.

When Is it Legal for Hobbyists to Collect Artifacts or Dig for Artifacts?

Surface collecting:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts from the surface of dry land on privately owned property if the land is not posted, gated, or fenced against entry. We recommend obtaining written permission from the landowner to protect the property owner's rights and to protect the visitor from trespassing. (OCGA 12-3-621)
2. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), [12-3-52)

Digging/Metal Detecting:

1. With the exception of burials and associated objects, archaeological sites belong to the landowner. Landowners can dig archaeological sites - with the exception of burials - that are on their property. DNR recommends that you preserve any archaeological sites that you may own for future generations.

2. On privately-owned land, it is legal to dig for artifacts (including when artifacts have been found by metal detecting) if you have written permission of the landowner. All lands in Georgia are either owned privately or by the local, state, or federal government. This includes Civil War sites. Hobbyists and professional archaeologists alike must determine who owns the land and ask their permission first, before undertaking any activity.

Further, OCGA 12-3-621 requires any person desiring to dig for artifacts to notify the state archeologist before beginning any such investigation or disturbance, which can be done through this HPD Web page. Click here for email and or call the telephone hot line number, available at all times: 1-866-755-0014.

3. It is not legal to surface collect, dig, or metal detect on state property. This includes Civil War sites. (OCGA 12-3-10(n), 12-3-52)

4. It is not legal to disturb or dig human burials or collect human skeletal remains or objects associated with burials, regardless of who owns the land. Three Georgia laws prohibit disturbing graves: OCGA 31-21-44, 31-21-6 and 36-72-1 through 16. If human remains are inadvertently discovered, STOP all land disturbing activity immediately, protect the burial from harm, and notify the local law enforcement authority. As required under OCGA 31-21-6, law enforcement officials will then notify the coroner, the local government, and the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, who will recommend a permanent protection plan.

In the Water or On the Beach:

1. It is legal to collect artifacts with the permission of the landowner in privately-owned waterways.

2. It is not legal to take artifacts off the bottom of state-owned waters. (OCGA 12-3-80).

3. If the body of water you're interested in is owned or managed by a local or federal government agency, contact that agency for their policy on artifact collecting.

4. To collect artifacts or metal detect on beaches along the coast of Georgia, it is also necessary to first determine ownership of that land and ask permission. Beaches may be private or owned by a governmental agency. To determine who the landowner is, you might start by contacting the DNR Law Enforcement Region VII Office in Brunswick, telephone: (912) 264.7237, address: Suite 201, One Conservation Way, Brunswick, GA 31520.

For a detailed description of the laws as they apply to Georgia's waters, follow this link http://www.gashpo.org/content/displaycontent.asp?txtDocument=153 .

Pets: Pets are welcome at state parks and campgrounds if leashed (no longer than six feet) and accompanied by the owner at all times; however, they are not allowed in or around historic sites, lodges, group camps, swimming areas, or trails at Panola Mountain and Tallulah Gorge.  Pets are allowed only in select cottages with advance reservations. An additional fee is charged. Kennels are not available. Owners should clean up after pets.

Intoxicants: Consumption or use of alcoholic beverages or intoxicants is unlawful in any public-use area.

Campfires: All campfires must be kept in designated areas such as a fire ring.

Weapons: Firearms, bows and arrows, explosives, fireworks, slingshots, fishing spears or any device that discharges projectiles by any means is prohibited.

Collecting: All wildlife, plant life, driftwood, artifacts, and any other natural or man-made features are protected and may not be disturbed or removed. Please leave wildflowers for other visitors to enjoy. Use of electronic devices for “treasure hunting” is prohibited.

MDHTALK National or Federal Metal Detecting Regulations
Federal Agencies that have a specific Metal Detecting Regulation

Agency:              Army Corps of Engineers
Website:             http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title36/36tab_02.tpl
Law:                  Title 36: Parks, Forests, and Public Property

CHAPTER III--CORPS OF ENGINEERS, DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY Webpage

§ 327.14 Public property.
(a) Destruction, injury, defacement, removal or any alteration of public property including, but not limited to, developed facilities, natural formations, mineral deposits, historical and archaeological features, paleontological resources, boundary monumentation or markers and vegetative growth, is prohibited except when in accordance with written permission of the District Commander.
(b) Cutting or gathering of trees or parts of trees and/or the removal of wood from project lands is prohibited without written permission of the District Commander.
(c) Gathering of dead wood on the ground for use in designated recreation areas as firewood is permitted, unless prohibited and posted by the District Commander.
(d) The use of metal detectors is permitted on designated beaches or other previously disturbed areas unless prohibited by the District Commander for reasons of protection of archaeological, historical or paleontological resources. Specific information regarding metal detector policy and designated use areas is available at the Manager's Office. Items found must be handled in accordance with §§ 327.15 and 327.16 except for non-identifiable items such as coins of value less than $25.

Agency:              Bureau of Land Management
Website:             http://www.blm.gov/ca/st/en/info/iac/metal_detecting.html
Law:                  Metal detecting is a recreational activity that people do to find coins, jewelry, and precious metals.  Metal detecting is allowed on BLM lands as long as no artifacts are removed.  Artifacts should be left alone and reported to the appropriate Field Office.  Avoid all cultural and archeological sites.  The Metal Detecting enthusiast may remove some rocks (handful) from areas such as picnic areas, campground areas, and recreational sites.  The enthusiasts may remove some rocks as long as there not being removed from another mining claim.  Mining claims can be researched on the LR2000 (http://www.blm.gov/lr2000).   Enthusiasts are only allowed to make minimal surface disturbance (i.e. removing a couple of stones for memories).

Agency:              Bureau of Reclamation
Website:             http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2008-title43-vol1/pdf/CFR-2008-title43-vol1-sec423-27.pdf
Law:                  Section 423.29 Natural and Cultural Resources
(f) You must not possess a metal detector or other geophysical discovery device, or use a metal detector or other geophysical discovery techniques to locate or recover subsurface objects or features, except:
(1) When transporting, but not using a metal detector or other geophysical discovery device in a vehicle on a public road as allowed under applicable Federal, state and local law, or:
(2) As allowed by permit issued pursuantto subpart D of this 423.

Agency:              National Forests
Website:             http://www.fs.fed.us/outernet/r9/cnnf/rec/heritage/metal_detectors.html
Law:                  The Use of Metal Detectors on National Forest Land

The use of metal detectors has become a popular hobby for many people. Here is direction on how or when metal detectors can be used on the Chequamegon-Nicolet.

Metal detector use is allowed in developed campgrounds and picnic areas if they are not specifically closed to such activity. If archaeological remains are known to exist in a campground or picnic area, a closure to metal detecting would be posted. It is permissible to collect coins, but prospecting for gold would be subject to mining laws. However, you should know that agencies have not identified every archaeological site on public lands, so it is possible you may run into such remains that have not yet been discovered. Archaeological remains on federal land, known or unknown, are protected under law. If you were to discover such remains, you should leave them undisburbed, stop metal detecting in that area, and notify the local FS office. I have included the legal citations below for your information.

The Forest Service has conducted numerous projects in conjuntion with metal detectorists and metal detecting clubs through our volunteer archaeological program, Passport In Time (PIT). The cooperation has been fun for both the detectorists and the agency's archaeologists. Locating archaeological sites becomes a joint endeavor and we learn a lot! You can receive the PIT Traveler, our free newsletter advertising the PIT projects each year, by calling 1-800-281-9176. Look for the ones where we request metal detecting expertise!

Here are the legal citations:
Code of Federal Regulations, 36 CFR 261.9: "The following are prohibited: (g) digging in, excavating, disturbing, injuring, destroying, or in any way damaging any prehistoric, historic, or archaeological resources, structure, site, artifact, or property. (h) Removing any prehistoric, historic, or archaeological resources, structure, site, artifact, property."

USDA Forest Service Manual Direction (draft): "Metal Detector Use. Metal detectors may be used on public lands in areas that do not contain or would not reasonably be expected to contain archaeological or historical resources. They must be used, however, for lawful purposes. Any act with a metal detector that violates the proscriptions of the Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA) or any other law is prosecutable. Normally, developed campgrounds, swimming beaches, and other developed recreation sites are open to metal detecting unless there are heritage resources present. In such cases, Forest Supervisors are authorized to close these sites by posting notices in such sites."

ARPA, 16 U.S.C. 470cc: "No person may excavate, remove, damage, or otherwise alter or deface or attempt to excavate, remove, damage or otherwise alter or deface any archaeological resources located on public lands or Indianlands unless such activity is pursuant to a permit. . ."

For more information, contact Mark Bruhy, Supervisor's Office, 68 S. Stevens St., Rhinelander, WI 54501, 715-362-1361, or email mbruhy@fs.fed.us.

Agency:              National Parks, Monuments, Seashores, Forests, and Public Property
Website:             
Law:                  Title 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property Website

PART 2—RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION
§ 2.1 Preservation of natural, cultural and archeological resources. Website Section

(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the following is prohibited:
(1) Possessing, destroying, injuring, defacing, removing, digging, or disturbing from its natural state:
(iii) Nonfossilized and fossilized paleontological specimens, cultural or archeological resources, or the parts thereof.
(iv) A mineral resource or cave formation or the parts thereof.
(3) Tossing, throwing or rolling rocks or other items inside caves or caverns, into valleys, canyons, or caverns, down hillsides or mountainsides, or into thermal features.
(5) Walking on, climbing, entering, ascending, descending, or traversing an archeological or cultural resource, monument, or statue, except in designated areas and under conditions established by the superintendent.
(6) Possessing, destroying, injuring, defacing, removing, digging, or disturbing a structure or its furnishing or fixtures, or other cultural or archeological resources.
(7) Possessing or using a mineral or metal detector, magnetometer, side scan sonar, other metal detecting device, or subbottom profiler.

This paragraph does not apply to:
(i) A device broken down and stored or packed to prevent its use while in park areas.
(ii) Electronic equipment used primarily for the navigation and safe operation of boats and aircraft.
(iii) Mineral or metal detectors, magnetometers, or subbottom profilers used for authorized scientific, mining, or administrative activities.

Agency:              USC : Title 16 - Conservation
16 USC Chapter 1B - Archaeology Resources Protection

Website:             http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/16/chapter-1B
Law:                  16 USC § 470ee - Prohibited acts and criminal penalties website

(a) Unauthorized excavation, removal, damage, alteration, or defacement of archaeological resources. No person may excavate, remove, damage, or otherwise alter or deface, or attempt to excavate, remove, damage, or otherwise alter or deface any archaeological resource located on public lands or Indian lands unless such activity is pursuant to a permit issued under section 470cc of this title, a permit referred to in section 470cc(h)(2) of this title, or the exemption contained in section 470cc(g)(1) of this title.
(b) Trafficking in archaeological resources the excavation or removal of which was wrongful under Federal law No person may sell, purchase, exchange, transport, receive, or offer to sell, purchase, or exchange any archaeological resource if such resource was excavated or removed from public lands or Indian lands in violation of—
(1)the prohibition contained in subsection (a) of this section, or
(2)any provision, rule, regulation, ordinance, or permit in effect under any other provision of Federal law.
(c) Trafficking in interstate or foreign commerce in archaeological resources the excavation, removal, sale, purchase, exchange, transportation or receipt of which was wrongful under State or local law. No person may sell, purchase, exchange, transport, receive, or offer to sell, purchase, or exchange, in interstate or foreign commerce, any archaeological resource excavated, removed, sold, purchased, exchanged, transported, or received in violation of any provision, rule, regulation, ordinance, or permit in effect under State or local law.