Club’s Coin Purchase Program
By Lee Wiese
A very large expense for metal detecting clubs is the purchase of prizes for
their club hunts and raffles. Usually these purchases are for large
quantities of silver coins, silver rounds / bars and a smaller amount of
gold coins or nuggets. One solution that can reduce this expense and
potentially provide for more coins is to set up a program to purchase silver
and gold coins, rounds / bars, and nuggets from the club’s membership.
If the club has been in existence for some time and has conducted many hunts
and raffles, the membership will probably have a good amount of silver and
gold coins in their possession. There are members that win coins at hunts
and raffles who want to immediately turn these coin winnings into cash. So
the opportunity may exist for the club to buy their coin winnings.
These two situations offer the club an opportunity to setup a coin purchase
program that will:
- Provide club members a trustworthy outlet for selling their coins and other valuable prizes.
- Provide the club a source of coins for their events that can be a bit cheaper than purchasing the coins from a coin dealer.
The final result of such a coin purchase program is that club members can
turn their coins rapidly in to cash, get a fair market price for their coins
and help the club obtain coin prizes for their future events. The club saves
on dealer coin mark up cost, may get the coins at a slight discount, and if
their state has a sales tax the club does not pay sales tax on the coin
The following are Attributes of a Club Coin Purchase Program that need to be
Establish a Team of Club Members to Manage and Implement the Program
- Establish a Team of Club Members to Manage and Implement the Program
- Determine the Type of Coins to be Purchased
- Determine the Discount Percentage of the Coins to be Purchased
- Identify the Coin’s Precious Metal Content and Formulas to use to Implement Purchase Program
- Setup a Process for Members to Sell their Coins
- Establish Coin Inventory Levels
- Establish Accountability Standards
The program should be made up of at least two club members; three would be
better. To have three members manage the program will provide for better
checks and balances on handing the coin purchasing and inventory of the
coins. The coin program functions are:
Determine the Type of Coins to be Purchased
- Coin Buyer
- Coin Inventory Manager
- Manager and Creator of the Member Seller List
This type of club coin purchase program should only be setup to purchase
coins that have no
numismatic value. Coins that have no
numismatic value can
be purchase at spot metal prices. So the club’s program team will need to
stay abreast of spot metal prices to make the program beneficial for all.
The Coin Purchase Program Objective should be to purchase only scrap value
from the club’s membership. (No proof sets, coin sets, or graded
coins, would be purchased)
Determine the Discount Percentage of the Coins to be Purchased
- All Silver coins pre 1965 (this means 1964 and older)
- Silver rounds / bars must be .999% silver
- Gold Coins to be 1/10 ounce or less. (Priority order maybe given to 2
Peso, 2 1/2 Peso, and 1/10 ounce gold coin; these coins should be .999%)
It will be very important that the club establish guidelines for the coin
purchase program and establish a discount price agreeable to all in the
club. The club will buy coins based on this discount percentage applied
against the silver or gold spot metal price. This discount rate should be
established by the club’s board and voted on by the club’s membership.
Define the Club’s discounted spot price. (Below are examples of a discount
rate that could be used.)
- Sliver discount rate could be 7.5% or 92.5% of the silver spot price.
- Gold discount rate could be 5% or 95% of the gold spot price.
For fairness the same discount percentage should apply to all
club member purchases.
Identify the Coin’s Precious Metal Content and Formulas to use to Implement Purchase Program
In the attached spreadsheet is a list of silver and gold coins with their
weight and precious metal content. The spreadsheet also has the correct
formulas for the calculation of the value of the precious metal content and
a space for the discount percentage rate to be put into the spreadsheet.
This spreadsheet can be used to purchase coins from a member by just
inputting the precious metal spot price, discount percentage and the number
and type of coins to be purchased.
The club will buy silver and gold coins at a discounted spot metal pric
based on the precious metal content
of coin. (See the attached spread sheet
for implementation details)
Again the Coin Program Benefit is that:
Setup a Process for Members to Sell their Coins
- The club members can sell their coins with no effort and receive a fair price.
- The club saves money by not paying dealer markup, gets a spot price discount, and no sales tax.
The club should purchase coins once a month or as required. (Before any
purchase is made the coin program team must first obtain the club’s
treasurer’s approval for any coin purchase.)
The club will need to prioritize the members that volunteer to sell their
coins to the club’s purchase program. This can be accomplished by placing
each members name on a piece of paper and then draw the names. The members
will be contacted to sell their coins in the order drawn. All names will be
drawn at one time with an ordered list created for fairness. A new list will
be generated when the end of the first list is reached.
Establish Coin Inventory Levels
The club should establish a maximum dollar amount to be purchased at one
time from any single member.
The club should control the number of Silver Dimes, Quarters, Halves, and
Dollar coins to be purchased. The suggestion is that there should be no more
than one 1/10 ounce gold coin in inventory at any time and up to two gold
Establish Accountability Standards
The club will need to define how much of the club’s funds will go toward the
program and how much of the funds will be tied up in coin inventory at any
The club needs to have two to three members manage the program. By having
three members assigned to the program will provide for a good check and
balance of the clubs coin inventory and coin purchasing effort.
The attached spread sheet could be used for customer (club member) receipt,
and a copy of the spread sheet receipt will need to go to the treasurer for
his / her records. It is important to use a common method to report a
purchase. The same spreadsheet can be used to manage the coin inventory.
Below is a suggested percentage breakdown of coin purchases and inventory
levels. If a club establishes a coin purchase program it will need to
identify its own percentage breakdown based on the club’s past coin usage
pattern and future need.
Purchase Inventory Levels
- Dimes 17% 20% for annual hunts
- Quarter’s 13% 20% for membership, oldest coin
- Halves 18% 15% for raffles
- Dollars 32% 25% for raffles, annual hunts
- Silver Rounds & Bars 20% 20% for raffles, annual hunts
Sub-total 100% 100%
- Gold Coins 2ea
OR 3ea for raffles, annual hunts
This Coin Purchase Program would not benefit all clubs since the
program needs a fair size base to make purchases. The club should have a
sizable membership for the program to operate correctly and for the club to
meet its coin requirements. However, this type of program could be used for
special events like an annual hunt or special raffles if the club did not
want to use it for coin purchases.
The Coin Purchase Program should be considered an alternative to going into
the coin dealer market for coins, rounds and bars.